Functional Exercises (FX)

This space is designed to share publicly the materials created to run the ECDC Simulation Exercises. You will find Scenarios, Injects, Master list of Events and some background material to understand the context for which the exercises were created. The objective is that these materials can be reused as a basis for customized exercises at national or sub-national level in the EU Member States. You are free to reuse and modify the contents under he CC B.Y. 4.0.

You may also be interested to check the e-learning on how to design an FX.


This exercise is a Functional Exercise (FX) created in 2013.

The aim of the exercise was to provide ECDC staff with the opportunity to use and implement the Public Health Emergency Operational Plan (PHEOP) and to test supporting documents, tools and templates.

The objectives of exercise were:

  1. to increase the knowledge of the PHE concept, procedures and command structure;
  2. to familiarise ECDC staff with their roles and responsibilities during a PHE;
  3. to identify any gaps in PHE response arrangements.

Duration: 1 day (8.5 hours)

Related keywords:  Public Health Emergency Operational Plan (PHEOP),  Public Health Emergency, Standard Operation Plan (SOP), Ebola, cross-border threat,  algal bloom.

This Exercise is a Functional Exercise (FX) created in 2012.

The aim of the exercise was to test the Public Health Emergency Operation Plan (PHEOP) management system (including the intranet and supporting documents) in order to evaluate and refine it.

The exercise objectives were to:

  1. Test the PHEOP including PHE Management Structure.
  2. Test the command structure during PHE levels 1 and 2.
  3. Test the escalation to PHE level 2. Test all the relevant Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).
  4. Test the use of checklists, job action sheets, log, report templates, minute templates and the rapid risk assessment template.
  5. Test the new PHE intranet system.
  6. Test the Business Continuity Plan (BCP) to allow for routine epidemic intelligence and response duties to continue during a PHE level 2 event.
  7. Test internal and external communications during a PHE.
  8. Test BC arrangements during a PHE.

Duration: 2 days (17 hours)

Related keywords: Measles, H5N1, Public Health Emergency management, Standard Operation Procedures, Epidemic Intelligence, Polio, ECDC.

This Exercise is a Functional Exercise (FX) created in 2010.

The aim of the exercise was to test, evaluate and refine the use of EPIS as a communication platform tool. Focussing on the Food and Waterborne Disease (FWD) Network the exercise tested its use for the detection, assessment, response and communication of a FWD health threat with EU and international dimension.

Its objectives were focussed in two main points:

  • EPIS specific area for the FWD Network
  • Its contribution to the ECDC mandate on early detection, assessment, response and communication of public health events

Duration: 1 day (7 hours)  

Related keywords:  Food and Waterborne Disease (FWD), EPIS, Preparedness and Response Support Unit (PRU),  Salmonella Typhi.

This exercise is a Functional Exercise (FX) created in the 2009.

The overarching aim of the exercise was to explore ECDC’s ability to communicate about early detection and risk assessment, with Member States (MS) and international partners in a public health event at a mass gathering.

The overarching objectives of this exercise were:

  1. To test the internal and external communications between ECDC’s Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) and the equivalent structures of emergency centres in participating countries and organisations through tools, communications systems and equipment.
  2. Test the ECDC Public Health Event Operation Plan (PHEOP) up to Level 2, including staff planning, rotation, handover and support arrangements.
  3. Test the mass gathering algorithm currently under development by EpiConcept at National level.

Duration: 2 days (30 hours)

Related keywords: mass gathering events, public health events, H1N1, Flu, Legionella pneumophila, EOC, International communications.

This exercise is a Functional Exercise (FX) created in 2008.

The overreaching aim of Exercise Green Field was to test, evaluate and refine standard operating procedures in response to an emerging and escalating Public Health Emergency (PHE) involving EU Member States (MS). (This exercise was conducted after an internal exercise that took place in 2007 where the ECDC  Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) facilities and Public Health Operations Plan were tested)

The objectives of the exercise were:
  1. To test the internal procedures of the ECDC Public Health Event Operation Plan  (PHEOP) (version 3) for all Public Health Emergency (PHE) phasing including the escalation process of the activity levels in line with the PHEOP and all relevant SOP’s.
  2. To test the internal procedures for the levels of operation of the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) including the upscale of operations and the allocation of staff and their functions.
  3. To test the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) operating capabilities including some equipment and tools.
  4. To test the internal Command and Control procedures mainly regarding internal and external communication and resource management in response to both activity levels and phase development during a Public Health Emergency (PHE) .

Duration: 1 day and half (11 hours).

Related keywords: Public Health Events (PHE), Public Health Event Operation Plan (PHEOP), Emergency Operation Centre (EOC), Meningitis, Outbreak response


This exercise is a Functional Exercise (FX) created in 2007.

Exercise Brown Lagoon was a European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) initiative designed to provide an opportunity to review and practice internal procedures and systems to deal with major public health events.

The objectives of the exercise were:

  1. To test the equipment of the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC)
  2. To test internal procedures (technical and functional) for all Public Health Event (PHE) phasing (alert phase, acute phase, maintenance phase and recovery phase) or at least the first two phases, as described in the PHE Operation plan
  3. To test internal procedures for the up-scaling of activity from levels 0 to 2 including staffing and functions
  4. To test command and control in a PHE

Duration: 2 days

Related keywords: Norovirus, Diphtheria, Outbreak Response, Cross-border